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The Fundamentals of Basement Waterproofing

A challenge that many homeowners face is basement waterproofing. It creates a domino effect problem if not done in the right way. Basement waterproofing will allow you do many things in your basement, starting with having a usable basement for whatever purpose you may decide.

The time when the foundation is built is the best time to do waterproofing

Waterproofing when the foundation is built will make sure that it will last for a long time. Another reason why this is also the best time to do basement waterproofing is because it’s much easier to get into small spaces before they are closed off due to constructions, such as corners and even areas where drainage pipes will be installed. You have to give the basement a very thorough check before deciding how to do the basement waterproofing if your house is old. Contacting a professional is a wise thing to do when doing waterproofing so that you won’t need to do it all over again because the waterproofing was wrongly done.

Waterproofing can be done in two ways: external basement waterproofing and interior basement waterproofing. Tanking is one of the common methods of external waterproofing. Tanking is a process in which a bonding substance or membrane is applied to the outside walls of your basement. The tanking should be done as your home is being constructed, especially in cases where the basement is underground. The outside drainage system is another method of external waterproofing. In this method, your basement will be constructed in such a way that the basement floor slopes toward your home’s sump pump.

A plastic honeycomb membrane is applied to the walls and floor of your basement for quick removal of any moisture from your basement. Another method of external waterproofing is the French drain. This waterproofing method is usually installed on houses that are located in parts of the country where there are heavy levels of rainfall and other types of moisture-based weather. The International Building Code only recognizes external waterproofing method as efficient enough to keep water from doing any intense structural damage to a home or building.

Moisture is kept from making its way into your basement by interior waterproofing. A sealant is applied on the walls and floor of the basement to prevent water and moisture from seeping through. It also prevents the growth of molds and mildew. Technically, interior sealants aren’t materials for basement waterproofing, but they can help you make do while you are working on other waterproofing methods. It is recommended that you do both the external and interior waterproofing, for best results.

Your basement forms the foundation of your house and because of this, it is important to do waterproofing. If your basement is not in the best condition, your entire house can be jeopardized in the final analysis.

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Winter Suggestions To Protect From Water Damage

Usually when winter rolls in dry weather can wreak havoc but so can wet weather, to protect your home and ultimately yourself from the damage wet weather can have it is generally thought to be a good idea to give your home’s exterior a once over to make sure that the moist and wetness doesn’t find its way in. In doing so there are a lot of ways and touch points you can give a nudge at least once to make sure your home is protected. After all you don’t want to find yourself in a conundrum of sorts where you have drippy ceiling or a flooded basement.

Now as mentioned earlier the problems usually occur first in the exterior of your home, and there are ways to spot problem areas earlier on. What you really need to do is think like water would as it makes its way across the concrete and wood you’ve so proudly assembled.

Windows and Doors:

Usually a good spot to start at are the windows and doors. If your façade is open and you have a number of windows installed to bring in that fresh air and sunlight – that’s fair enough but to protect the inside from weather extremities like rainfall or snow you need to ensure that you have adequate covering on top of each exterior window or door. It might seem like a simple enough solution but mind you if you aren’t vigilant enough what will eventually happen is that rain water and snow will directly impact the window face and same goes for your doors. Another point to note is the edges where the window or an outside door is installed or put it. You might want to redo the cement or even ensure extra padding is installed which would hinder water seeping in through the cracks if there are any. This needs to be planned well ahead of time or you’ll run into a lot of repair works once the wet weather is gone.

Gutters:

The gutters around you humble abode are there for a reason, although many people think they are an eye soar. Carefully placed pipes around your property and the margins of your home to be more precise will ensure that water doesn’t stay on the roof tops and is guided right to the ground. Therefore to welcome the wet weather and winters even if you don’t do anything else make sure your gutters are clean and the pipes aren’t clogged. No doubt it is a tedious task but do it once a year at least.

Foundations:

Now that we have the basics out of the way, give your perimeter a once over. After you’ve ensured that the gutters are well regulated the next thing you need to make sure of is that the water isn’t finding its way in your foundations. This is easy enough to avoid by simply making sure that it doesn’t stay at any point, to do so you might want to build slopes where you’ve noticed that water stands right of your gutters.

French Drain Installation and Home Foundations

Installing a French drain is a good way of protecting your home from water damage.  A French drain, sometimes called a weeping tile or a blind drain, is a type of trench that’s filled with gravel or has a perforated pipe that helps redirect water away from your home’s foundation.

The perforations can be either small circles or slots, but the slotted pipes are actually recommended because they don’t allow as much soil into the pipe.

While French drains are often used to help prevent water from seeping into a building’s foundation, they do have other uses, such as helping redistribute water or relieve water pressure.

There are several different variations on the French drain that may be used.  The filter drain is most often used to protect the foundations of houses.  If the flooding in the area is really bad, interceptor or collector variations may be used.  These help to collect both groundwater and surface water and carry them away from the foundation.

Drain Installation and Placement

When French drains are installed, they should always be installed near or around the foundation.  They’re fairly easy to install, but it’s still a good idea to have a licensed professional install them just to make certain that they’re set correctly.  Otherwise, you may find that the water doesn’t drain away quite like it should.

-The French drain has to be installed several dozen inches or more in the soil around the house.
-The perforated drain pipe is installed first, then covered by some washed gravel fill.
-This helps filter the water in the soil down into the pipe.
-Once the water is collected in the pipes, it’s directed away from the foundation and the house.

Some homes won’t really need French drains, especially if they’re on relatively flat land or if they’re built on top of a slope.
However, if your house is built on the lower end of a slope, water may often collect around your foundation.  This is where a French drain can come in very handy.  The soil may not be able to absorb all of the water, which means it may start leaking into the foundation, the crawl space, or even your basement.

How a French Drain Can Help

Water damage can be very difficult to detect at first, especially if you rarely go into your crawlspace, but once it’s noticed, it’s usually fairly extensive and expensive to repair.  A French drain will prevent this since it will help carry away a good amount of the water from the edge of your house.

There are a few things to remember when installing a French drain:  The trench can be dug fairly deep (six feet or more), but it needs to be at least two feet deep for a home built on a slab.  The perforated pipe always needs to slope downward from the starting point so gravity can help force the water downward and away from the home.

The piping should be covered by about 12 inches of washed gravel at a minimum.  If it’s installed correctly, you’ll find that water no longer seeps into your home’s foundation or basement, keeping it safe from water damage.

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Septic System Sump Pump Installation

Any home with a basement is at risk for flooding.Installing a sump pump is one of the most effective ways to make sure that the basement doesn’t flood or accumulate water. By keeping water out of your home, you can prevent damage to your structure, your belongings, and even your health.

 

A sump pump keeps your basement dry by draining water out of your home or into your drainage system.
When installing your sump pump, it’s important to make sure you use the proper setup. Most sump pumps will also require a sump pit which will fill with excess water. The pump will then force the water out so that the basement stays dry.

 Sump Pump Styles – Submersive and Pedestal

Sump pumps can be installed in a variety of ways. One style is the submersive or underwater pump where the pump is sealed carefully in the sump pit. This can help prevent any electrical problems, but it is difficult to access the pump. The other style is the pedestal where the pump is position over the pit. This style is easier to maintain and adjust, but it might not be right for your home.

 

Sump pump installation is best done by a qualified professional. When you have your sump pump installed by Aquatech Waterproofing, it will be set up to last for many years.

Adding a backup battery and checking your pump twice per year will also help protect your home from costly water damage.

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Foundation Cracks

When foundation cracks appear, you can generally repair them in three basic steps. First, you will need to gain access to the crack, which might require some digging. Next, use a pressure washer or other tool to thoroughly clean the area surrounding the crack. Finally, pack the crack with the appropriate type of cement using a trowel. You will also need to apply a foundation coating a few days later. Of course, foundation cracks need to be treated seriously and are best repaired by qualified professionals.

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Sump Pump Repair

sump-pump-repairIf your sump pump fails on you, then you need to find out the source of the problem quickly before your basement floods. You first need to check to make sure that power is being supplied to the pump. If power isn’t the issue, then you need to check for any clogs in the line or obstacles in the pit. Whenever you are working on your sump pump, be sure that you have disconnected the power. Never reach into the well when the pump is still plugged in. If there is any debris in the pit, removing it may get your pump working again. If not, then you will probably need to call a waterproofing professional to diagnose the problem.